Acid A substance which
releases hydrogen ions when it is added to water. The hydrogen
ion is solvated ie. a water molecule adds on to it, to give the
Acetic acid The common
name for ethanoic acid.
Accumulator In our case,
a rechargeable Orgone concentrating container
Alkali A base which
is soluble in water. They are usually metal hydroxides eg.
sodium hydroxide, but ammonia solution is also an alkali.
Alloy Is a mixture which
is made up of two or more metals or which contains metals and
Aluminium The most abundant
metal in the Earth's crust, ( approximately 8% by mass ). It
is obtained by electrolysis of Bauxite
Ampere The unit of
electric current. It measures the rate of flow of charge. 1 Amp
= 1 coulomb/second.
Anion A negatively charged
Annealing A process of
heating a material for a given time at a given temperature,
followed by a slow cooling. It is a common form of heat treatment.
Anode When a solution
undergoes electrolysis, the electrode with the positive potential
is called the anode. In the Joe cell, it is the outer casing.
Atom The smallest indivisible
particle of an element that can exist.
Battery A device which
converts chemical energy into electrical energy.
Brass An alloy of copper
Bronze The combination
of >90% copper and <10% tin.
Capillarity The tendency
of the water in a Joe cell to move up the sides of the cylinders
depending on the relative attraction of the water molecules
to each other and to the cylinder walls.
Cathode The negatively
charged pole in a battery or electrolytic cell.
Cation A positively
Cell Defined in our
case as an accumulator of Orgone energy.
Conductor An electrical
conductor is a substance which allows an electric current to
flow through it.
Current Electric current
is the movement of electrons through a conductor. It's measured
DC Direct Current. The
type of electrical current produced form a simple cell or battery.
Diamagnetic A repulsion
by a material from a strong magnetic field. It will try to find
its way to the weakest part of the magnetic field.
Distilled water Tap water
and rain water are not pure. They contain salts and dissolved
gases. Water is often distilled to increase purity. Most of
the salts are left behind but the water may still contain dissolved
gases. The presence of carbon dioxide reduces the pH of the
DOR Deadly Orgone. An " unhealthy " form of Orgone energy in the atmosphere.
Under agitation by materials that act as irritants to Orgone, the Orgone
energy eventually becomes immobilised and " dead ".
Electrode An electrode
is a conductor which dips into an electrolyte and allows the
current ( electrons ) to flow to and from the electrolyte.
Electrolyte A solution
which contains ions.
Electrolysis When a direct
current is passed through a liquid which contains ions ( an
electrolyte ), chemical changes occur at the two electrodes.
Electron A fundamental
negatively charged particle, part of an atom. If an atom loses
an electron, it becomes positively charged ie. a cation, or
if it gains an electron, it becomes negatively charged, ie.,
Element A pure substance
which cannot be broken down into anything simpler by chemical
Ethanoic acid It is one
of the simplest fatty acids. Vinegar contains 5% or more of
Fuel A fuel is a substance
that releases heat energy when treated in a certain way. In
most fuels, the energy is released by combustion. So, strictly
speaking, when the car is running on the Joe cell, it is not
using any fuel.
Heat treatment The subjection
of metals and alloys to controlled heating and cooling after
fabrication to relieve internal stresses and improve the physical
Hydrogen A gaseous diatomic
element. The atom consists of one proton and one electron.
Insulator A substance
which, in our case, is a poor conductor of both electricity and
Ion An atom which possesses
an electrical charge. When an atom gains or loses an electron,
it becomes an ion.
Ionisation The gain or
loss of an electron in an atom.
Iron The most widely
used metallic element. One of the main problems with iron is
that it rusts.
Leaky The inability
of our cell to retain the Orgone charge over a period of time.
Litmus This is extracted
from lichen and used as an acid-base indicator.
Mass This is how much
material a substance possesses. It is usually measured in grams
Magnetic material One
of a number of substances that are strongly attracted by magnets
and can be magnetised. These include iron, nickel, and cobalt,
and all those alloys that contain a proportion of these metals.
Meniscus The curved upper
surface of the water in the Joe cell, caused by capillarity
Molecule The smallest
particle of an element or compound which exists independently.
Nucleus The part of
an atom where the mass is concentrated. It contains protons and
Neutron One of the particles
which are found in the nucleus of all atoms except hydrogen.
It has approximately the same mass as the proton but no charge.
Nitrogen An unreactive
diatomic gas which forms about 78% of the atmosphere.
Orgone The cosmic life
force. See section on Orgone in book.
Oxonium ion The loss
of an electron from a hydrogen atom leads to the formation of
a hydrogen ion. This is a proton.
Oxygen A gaseous non-metallic
element. It makes up approximately 21% of the atmosphere.
Paramagnetic A material
with a slight attraction towards the region where the magnetic
field is strongest is said to be paramagnetic ( As opposed
to a diamagnetic material ).
Petrol A mixture of
hydrocarbons which is used as a fuel.
pH pH scale from 0 to 14 used for measuring acidity or alkalinity. A pH of 7.0
indicates neutrality, below 7 is acid, while above 7 is alkaline. Strong acids such as those used in car batteries, have a pH of about 2; strong alkalies such as sodium hydroxide are pH 13.
Acidic fruits such as citrus fruits are above pH 4, fertile soils have a pH of about 6.5 to 7.0, while weak alkalis such as soap are 9 to 10.
The pH of a solution can be measured by using a broad-range indicator, either in solution or as a paper strip. The colour produced by the indicator is compared with a colour code related to the pH value. An alternative method is to use a pH meter fitted with a glass electrode.
For our Joe cell work, the paper strip indicator
is more than adequate ( and cheap ).
Pipette A piece of glassware
used for measuring and transferring a volume of liquid.
Polymer A large molecule
in which group of atoms are repeated.
Proton A positively
charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of the atom.
Rubber A natural polymer.
It is a hydrocarbon. Rubber is a good insulator.
Seeding The initial
capture of the Orgone force in our cell.
Steel An alloy which
contains iron as the main constituent.
Sump The lower 1 inch
area under the cylinders in a Joe cell.
Suspension When a solid
is added to a liquid and the solid neither dissolves in the liquid
nor sinks to the bottom, the mixture is referred to as a suspension
because the solid is suspended in the liquid.
Vinegar A solution which
is made by the action of bacteria on wine or cider. It contains
about 4% ethanoic acid. It is used widely in the food industry
for preserving foods.
Water An oxide of hydrogen.
It is one of the most common compounds on the earth. It does
not conduct electricity in its pure state although it can be
electrolysed if small amounts of acid or alkali are added.
The products are hydrogen and oxygen. The water which we drink
is never pure.
The contents of Joe cell chapters
What is the Joe cell
Some Properties of orgone
Some names for the life force
Theory of Cell Design
materials and design
Sizes and diameters
Water types and relations to cells
Charging the water cell
Connectioning to motors
When Things go wrong
Some Readers contributions
Brotherhood of Man
A Joe cell parts supplier
index page where the contents of these chapters came fom